Guru is a Sanskrit term for a "teacher, guide, expert, or master" of certain knowledge or field. The Sikh Gurus are the spiritual masters of Sikhi, who established this religion over the course of about two and a half centuries, beginning in 1469. The year 1469 marks the birth of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism. He was succeeded by nine other gurus until, in 1708, the Guruship was finally passed on by the tenth guru to the holy Sikh scripture, Guru Granth Sahib, which is now considered the living Guru by the followers of the Sikh faith.

 

S.No. Name Guruship Birth Date Birth Place Born as Father Mother Date of death Reason Place of death
1 Guru Nanak Dev Ji Since birth 14 April 1469 Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Delhi Sultanate Hindu Khatris Kalyan Das Bedi Mata Tripta 22 September 1539 Natural causes Kartarpur, Punjab, Mughal Empire
2 Guru Angad Dev 7 September 1539 31 March 1504 Muktsar, Punjab, Mughal Empire Hindu Baba Pheru Mal Mata Ramo 29 March 1552 Natural causes Khadur Sahib, Punjab, Mughal Empire
3 Guru Amar Das 26 April 1552 5 May 1479 Amritsar, Punjab, Mughal Empire Vaishnavism, Hindu Tej Bhan Bhalla Mata Lachmi 1 September 1574 Natural causes Goindval, Lahore Subah, Mughal Empire
4 Guru Ram Das 1 September 1574 24 September 1534 Lahore, Punjab, Mughal Empire Hindu Khatris Baba Har Das Mata Daya 1 September 1581 Natural causes Goindval, Lahore Subah, Mughal Empire
5 Guru Arjan Dev 1 September 1581 15 April 1563 Goindval, Punjab, Mughal Empire Sikh Guru Ram Das Mata Bhani 30 May 1606 Execution by Mughal Emperor Jahangir Lahore, Lahore Subah, Mughal Empire
6 Guru Hargobind 25 May 1606 19 June 1595 Amritsar, Lahore Subah, Mughal Empire Sikh Guru Arjun Dev Mata Ganga 28 February 1644 Natural causes Kiratpur Sahib, Lahore Subah, Mughal Empire
7 Guru Har Rai 3 March 1644 16 January 1630 Kiratpur Sahib, Lahore Subah, Mughal Empire Sikh Baba Gurditta Mata Nihal Kaur 6 October 1661 Natural causes Delhi, Delhi Subah, Mughal Empire
8 Guru Har Krishan 7 October 1661 7 July 1656 Kiratpur Sahib, Lahore Subah, Mughal Empire Sikh Guru Har Rai Mata Krishan Kaur 30 March 1664 Smallpox Delhi, Delhi Subah, Mughal Empire
9 Guru Tegh Bahadur 20 March 1664 1 April 1621 Amritsar, Lahore Subah, Mughal Empire Sikh Guru Hargobind Mata Nanaki 11 November 1675 Execution by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Delhi, Delhi Subah, Mughal Empire
10 Guru Gobind Singh 11 November 1675 22 December 1666 Patna Sahib, Bihar Subah, Mughal Empire Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur Mata Gujri 7 October 1708 Sirhind War Hazur Sahib, Bidar Subah, Mughal Empire